Local St. Louis Butterflies

One of the important thing to know before you start buying plants is which butterflies are in your area. Luckily the St. Louis Chapter of the North American Butterfly Association has created a list of all the butterflies in the St. Louis area.

I have highlighted the common ones I find in my garden in the Crestwood area.

Thanks to NABA – the St. Louis Chapter of the North American Butterfly Association for allowing us to use this list.
http://nabastl.org/

Note – right click – open image in new tab – to see this best.

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Monarch Plants Needed

Where#Notes
Tom back0Try planting directly into soil May 1st. – 120
Tom front70
Kennerly School20Plus 200 seeds for kids
Concord Elem.20
Jean’s school20
Whitecliff40
Misc40
Total210
Note – as of March 15 I have 280 plants – 80% germination.

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Lights for Schools

Now is the time when many schools start to plant seeds indoors. A recent school I am helping has no indoor lights for their garden trays and so we are trying to get the PTO to fund a light system.

Here are the high cost options.

Gardeners Supply –  http://www.gardeners.com

They do give a discount for schools, so make sure your school has an account with them.

$849.00 – LED SunLite® High Intensity 3-Tier Garden
This is a nice system with three levels, each four foot long. They have 3 LED bulbs per shelf.

They also have a 2 light LED system for $729.00 or a 2 light T5 Fluorescent lights for $599.00


I am looking for other options to post, so if you have a system suitable for schools, please let me know.

Cheapest Options

One cheap option I use is a T8 fluorescent light fixture. It costs around $53 plus the cost of the bulbs.
My favorite uses four T8 bulbs and puts out lots of light.
Lithonia Lighting 1284GRD RE Lighting Fixture, 32W, 120V, Silver (w/Wire Guard)

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How We Make it Through Winter

by Steve Rapp

My wife Nancy and I employ many strategies to aid us in enduring the non-working in the yard period known as winter. Like a lot of you that have a passion for being out in our gardens, seeing the positive effects on the environment and on ourselves, winter is a challenging time!

We start by planting yet more bulbs in the early fall then we are forced to turn our efforts indoors. We return to appreciating our long-term indoor plants, succulents, cacti, ferns etc. Even the not-usually too exciting lithops are in renewed focus. We’re constantly reminded how cool it is to see colorful blooming African violets and other gesneriads, Christmas cactus and the constant cut flowers we keep refreshing throughout the winter season. Of course, another key element of our winter survival strategy is always our every weekend trip to the Missouri Botanical Garden especially to visit the reinvigorating environment of the Climatron, we never get tired of that. These and reading the cool plant catalogs that show up this time of year along with the many gardening magazine subscriptions help us endure the dark days and serve as sources of ideas.

One of these ideas was to explore indoor cultivation of micro-greens not only for the nutritional value but also for the joy of actually putting my hands in dirt and growing something this time of year. I put together a relatively inexpensive seed germination and growth system consisting of a Jiffy Professional Greenhouse Peat Pellet system and a Ferry Morse high output 24”T5 daylight spectrum bulb system with stand. There is nothing particularly novel about this but I chose it as it is a compact system that I could set up in my home office, just to the left of my computer desk. By doing this, it is always at arms reach for easy viewing.

Adding water to the peat pellets induces swelling of the planting medium and enables immediate planting of microgreen seeds. In general, any vegetable can be planted and harvested when small as microgreens however I purchased a packet of Burpee Microgreens Rainbow Mix that contains 20% red beet, 20% cabbage pak choi, 20% kohlrabi purple, 20% broccoli and 20% Radish. I placed 3-4 seeds per peat plug and within 2-3 days all had sprouted and within 2-3 weeks, I was cutting micro-greens with a scissors and adding to salads. Watering with a couple quarts of water every other day or so keeps the growing greens hydrated especially in the dry indoor environment of winter.

Maybe it’s just me but working at my desk and turning to my left and seeing 3-4” tall plant growth is good for my soul this time of year, I recommend this to anyone feeling the agony of winter.

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Monarchs in California

Webinar Title: Western Monarch Population down by 99%: How you can help 


Date/Time: Tuesday, February 26th at 2PM ET (1pm Central, 12pm Mountain, 11am Pacific)

Register: https://goo.gl/forms/71F21CP88Xbomus92

Description: Have you heard about the steep decline in the Western monarch population? Are you wondering how you can help? This webinar will explore the citizen science effort that tracks the California overwintering monarch population and will discuss the results from this year’s Western Monarch Thanksgiving Count, a record low and a 99.4% decline.

Presenters:  

·         Katie Hietala-Henschell, Endangered Species Conservation Biologist, the Xerces Society

·         Nick Stong, Programs Manager, Pacific Grove Museum of Natural History

·         Emma Pelton, Western Monarch Lead, Endangered Species Conservation Biologist, the Xerces Society

The webinar will be offered through WebEx.  The link and participation details will be provided the day prior to the webinar.

Please feel free to share this announcement and registration information!We look forward to your participation!
MJV/NCTC Webinar Team

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Dormant Oil Spray

aphidsTwo problems I have in the butterfly garden are aphids on milkweed and mildew on many plants. One idea that I saw recently was using Dormant Oil Spray.during late winter and early spring. While the video was mainly for fruit trees, the process would also be similar in my garden.

In particular, the area where I grow milkweed, might benefit from spraying the soil where aphid eggs would over-winter. I remove any milkweed plants around March 1st so my plan is to spray the soil around Feb. 15th then once again after I clean out the garden.

Note – I remove any chrysalises I find in the fall and keep them in the garage.

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Monarch Population Increases

monarch-popoulation-up-2019According to Monarch Watch, the Monarch population has the largest population in twelve years. The population more than doubled going from 2.48 hectares to 6.05 hectares.

It will be interesting to hear what the experts say about this large increase. In St. Louis Missouri we had a great year last year for Monarchs.

In the mean time, keep planting milkweed and plenty of nectar plants to keep the trend going.

Here’s what it looked like on October 1st, 2018.

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